Haukaypata the main square of Cusco


Cusco did not fall into Spanish hands without a fight, and was heroically defended by one of the generals of Atahualpa. After the fall of the city, the Spaniards won backing armed son of Huayna Capac, who after the death of his older brothers Huascar and Atahualpa, became the most important person of the Empire. Shortly after his triumphant entry on November 15, 1533, the Spaniards crowned Manco and Manco Inka in a formal ceremony at the Haukaypata with all the pomp and traditions of the empire, acompañda of libations and much drinking. To underline their dominance over the Incas, the Spanish Pizarro proclaimed the founding of Cusco 23 March 1534 in the midst of the main square. Later, Haukaypata was known with its Spanish name “space weapon” where the coats of arms were displayed.